Outline of an Ideal State

Good Evening Friends!

I was just wondering about the characteristics of an ideal state a few minutes ago. Let me sum up my ideas in this blog post.

Note: More will be added as I get newer ideas. In other words, this is a placeholder.

Economy: Free market capitalist economics with basic welfare is a must. Socialism, though good on paper and rhetoric, is a failure by implementation.

  1. Remove the bureaucratic red tapes. Let businesses start up as and when they need to, with little to no hassles.
  2. Regulation is a must. Keep strong regulations such as safety of the environment, safety of workers, cleanliness, etc, and heavy fines if violated.
  3. Infrastructure needs to be updated and prepared (literally for World War Z). Power and water need to be stable under all circumstances. Restrictions on foreign ownership, excess tariffs on foreign goods and high corporate taxes need to be removed or at least minimized.
  4. The ideal capitalist government has only 3 functions: Defense, Justice and Law & Order. Everything else has to come under privateers. But in a nation like India where natural resources and minerals are in abundance and also at risk, the government can intervene with its industries to prevent irregularities, this also with good regulation standards.

Agriculture: This slogan “Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan”, is pretty much drilled into our ears almost everyday. But in reality, how much do they really care about both? It’s pretty much quantifiable and sadly much lesser than the hype.

However I have proposed a solution to tackle agrarian crisis, during both famines and floods.

That should pretty much curtail major agrarian disasters. However, must it be a unique case, I suggest farmers/agrarians be compensated with added basic welfare so they can survive through tough times, and depending on their abilities and situation, their debts will either be postponed, reduced or scrapped by the government. However, regarding agriculture, ALL LOANS MUST BE ISSUED FREE OF INTEREST except in the case of an extreme change in the value of the national currency (in my case the Indian Rupee) in comparison to global currencies like the US Dollar, the Japanese Yen or the Euro.

Defense: As for defense, war and peace are 2 sides of the same coin. Pacifism or Freedom? You can’t have both! Coming to the topic. Here’s a video on robot armies currently under development in the USA:

Though it will take billions of dollars of investment, it’s pretty much a necessity in this era. Especially in a region like India wherein the political scenario is rather a tight rope walk.

http://spectrum.ieee.org/automaton/robotics/military-robots/army-considers-replacing-thousands-of-soldiers-with-robots

Of course, there’s a need for some human presence, as robots have their own limitations. However, after heavy initial investment, it will become the biggest asset of a nation like India.

A feasible means for developing WMDs must be availed. N capable missiles and bombs must be mass produced. Samson option must also be available in the event of war.

A separate commission needs to be setup to pay serving soldiers / army men and pensions for retired veterans and families of those martyred in war. This point arose in the wake of the OROP protests.

Education: This topic has been covered in detail in 2 of my posts, here and here. Repeating it here is rather tiresome, so I suggest interested people to refer to my previous linked posts.

The only point I want to add, in case I haven’t done so before, is that students must also be physically fit, not just intelligent. So gym / strength building classes must be made mandatory along with college education. Innovative, intelligent and fit should be the defining words for students.

Environment: A smart city is one in which nature and technology co-exist. Paris and Vienna are excellent examples of smart cities.

The idea is to innovate while preserving mother nature.

Wastelands in India are a dime a dozen. They can be used for industrial plants instead of fertile agricultural lands.

This way, nature can be preserved and mankind can innovate for the future, all at the same time.

Justice and Law & Order: Indian judges and cops are pretty efficient, but why do they prefer working in the USA or Australia more than India? Money! Once the government paves the way for free market capitalism and gets out of businesses best handled by privateers, it can increase the remuneration for judges and cops.

Accountability is the primary requirement of every single judge and cop. Wherein accountability fails, it must be curtailed by the hire and fire method. Same applies for the bureaucracy (referred to as IAS in India). Where accountability fails, firing will be the immediate action.

Robot police can also be used to curtail terrorism and mob violence, look at the 2012 Azad Maidan riots for reference. In some instances, human cops would rather be wary of taking action, but robots only follow orders, or even better, due to the advancement in the field of machine learning, robots can act with the given data! For a robot, it doesn’t matter whatever be the religion/caste/ethnicity of rioting mobs: Muslim, Hindu, Upper Caste, Lower Caste, Christian, whatever. It only knows one thing: Open Fire! This can be easily used to curb mob violence to a large extent. This reminds me of Robocop! And of course, one of my favorite metalcore bands, Bullet for My Valentine!

Medieval minded religious savages will have only 2 options now: Modernize / moderate, or PERISH!

That’s it for today folks! Really weary after a whole day’s work now! Thanks a lot for your valuable time!

See you soon! Till then, it’s bye… from Iniyavel!

Twitter: @Iniyavel_

June 4, 2016. 11:13 PM.

Repost: Tackling Agrarian Crisis

Hello again friends!

Note: This is a repost of “Tackling Water Crisis” which I uploaded at 3:46 PM today (May 30), but when I changed the title of the post, the content disappeared!

I was wondering this morning… Drought has gripped most parts of India and more than 300 million people are affected. So an idea that immediately crossed my mind was the artificial showers that were successfully implemented in the UAE.

Scientists Create 52 Artificial Rain Storms in Abu Dhabi Desert

http://www.emirates247.com/news/emirates/cloud-seeding-rain-to-keep-uae-cool-2013-08-04-1.516541

Indeed, this can be used to bring in rain when the need arises.

But when there’s the need for sunshine, we can’t merely use artificial light to substitute sunlight.

http://www.sciencealert.com/scientists-have-created-artificial-sunlight-that-s-real-enough-to-trick-your-brain

Sunlight contains valuable nutrients such as Vitamin D, Calcium, etc, which help nourish the crops to enable them grow better. In the meantime, I’ll be thinking of artificial means to transmit all nutrients that are present in natural sunlight in the absence of adequate natural sunlight.

By the way, here are a few videos of Keukenhof, the Flower Garden of Europe situated in Lisse in the Netherlands.

Beautiful, isn’t it? However, we in India are reeling under drought and can’t even get enough water for basic sanitation, forget making Keukenhofs here at the moment! Suffice to say if we manage water and sunlight properly and learn to tackle unfriendly weather conditions, we can make more Keukenhofs at home ourselves!

Back to the topic: I propose a protective housing over vast farmlands that are close to each other.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Phew! The above images alone took more than 40 minutes to draw on Microsoft Paint! Drawing them by hand is far far easier, but my laptop isn’t touchscreen, nor can I connect my scanner to my laptop at present! Against all odds!

Coming to the first image: The green fields indicate the crops being grown, say paddy, maize, wheat, etc. The blue and light blue tiles constitute the housing over which rain falls and runs down into the drain (dark blue). This is during the rainy season. However It’s a glasshouse, a strong glasshouse with small pipes over its roof to collect all the falling raindrops. I couldn’t draw it on Microsoft Paint. It will take a vast amount of time, but I personally have a clear idea as to what I intend it to be.

Coming to the second image: The cylinders (250 meters tall and 100 meters wide) below the ground collect the rainwater and direct them to the following/next cylinders through horizontal cylinders (that are 40-50 meters below the ground and 100 meters wide). I’ve drawn 2 cylinders, but instead of 2, we can use 3, 4, up to 10 cylinders depending on the number of crop fields adjacent to each other. The last cylinder passes on the water to a pressure-controlled water tank which processes and releases the water on to the nearest water body, which maybe a lake, a river, or an estuary. After all, even the great oceans depend on the rain for its water as described by Thiruvalluvar in the 2nd chapter of the Thirukkural. To put it in short words, this is a garden variety of the G-Cans flood defense system which I briefly described in one of my previous posts.

To summarize my post:

  1. Use cloud seeding to usher in artificial rains during the drought season and when farmers need water to grow their crops.
  2. Use artificial sunlight and nutrient transmission to nourish crops in the absence of adequate sunlight.
  3. Use a flood proof protective glasshouse to sustain heavy rains, floods and hurricanes, and prevent damage to crops.
  4. Return the water back to the natural water bodies to preserve nature. If need arises, use less than half of the water for personal, sanitary and other purposes, but it’s obligatory to return nature’s property back to her.

That’s it for today folks! Thank You all for your valuable time!

Till the next time, it’s bye… from Iniyavel!

Twitter: @Iniyavel_

May 30, 2016. 4:28 PM.

We Have Sizable Shale Oil Resources, Why Not Exploit Them for Certain Uses?

Hello Again Friends!

While looking at articles to pen my previous post on a drainage system to sustain floods and heavy rains, I chanced upon the fact that Chennai has a sizable amount of shale in its soil from Wikipedia. I was involved in a conversation with a friend of mine a month or two back and he revealed that the US was exploring shale oil as a substitute to crude oil. In a flash that conversation came to mind and the idea to exploit shale to produce our own substitute for crude oil hit my head.

There’s a saying in Tamil:

புதையல் மீது அமர்ந்தாலும் அடுத்தவன் எச்ச சோத்துக்கு ஆசைப்படுவது.

That is, desiring for what someone else is eating (that too directly from his plate!) while sitting above a treasure trove.

This saying stands not just for Tamils and Tamil Nadu but for Indians and India as a whole. India in my honest opinion has enough to become a superpower, nay, an empire. But this shameful behavior of Indians and Tamils as a whole has turned India into a gutter nation from where talent flees to greener pastures.

Okay, back to the topic of this post that is shale oil.

Though shale oil has a production cost higher than that of crude oil, there’s no harm in attempting to extract shale for energy as crude oil is rapidly depleting and running out at this point of time.

https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/oil-gas-energy/publications/pdfs/pwc-shale-oil.pdf

Some Wikipedia articles are available regarding Shale Oil:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shale_oil_extraction

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shale_oil

Shale is present in plenty in Chennai’s soils. It’s a mud-stone and can be commonly found in mud.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c5/ShaleUSGOV.jpg

Above is a sample of what the mud-stone shale looks like.

http://www.claysandminerals.com/materials/shales

Typical components of oil shale gas are usually methane, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and different hydrocarbons like ethylene. It may also consist of hydrogen sulfide and other impurities. (Source: Wikipedia).

Indeed, shale oil can be used to produce gasoline, diesel and jet fuels.

Here are 2 patents on Google that can give us an idea as to how we can use shale and clay:

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2014014888A1?cl=en

https://www.google.com/patents/WO2014004193A1?cl=en

Here are a few articles that highlight how to extract oil from shale.

http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/energy/oil-shale1.htm

Oil Shale Extraction Methods

Using shale and clay, I guess we can make Chennai the energy capital of Tamil Nadu. I believe every city has enough shale and clay for self-sufficiency, but since I live in Chennai, I focus on Chennai.

Thanks a lot to all my readers for your valuable time.

Till the next time, it’s bye, and goodnight… from Iniyavel (Twitter: @Iniyavel_)!

May 18, 2016. 11:45 PM.

Drainage System Proposal to Counter Floods and Hurricanes

Welcome back friends!

It’s been raining for the past few days here in Chennai. Usually rains bring about a sensation of joy, especially in a place like Chennai where people experience its climate in terms of hot, hotter and hottest. But this was not the case during the infamous Chennai floods of November and December 2015 that left thousands of people homeless (at least temporarily) and led to upwards of millions of US dollars in terms of monetary losses to the public and possibly billions to the city and the state as a whole. More on that rather (wo)man made disaster here. So another similar rain at present (the week starting May 15-16 2016) followed by intermittent power cuts gives that eerie sensation that we’re in for another wild ride!

So I was wondering today (May 18, 2016) as to what can be done in order to save lives, businesses and properties from heavy damage in the future.

I read 2 articles on Japan’s G-Cans drainage system that has effectively mitigated the effects of heavy rainfall and tsunamis that are quite regular in that archipelago.

https://japangasm.wordpress.com/2012/01/12/the-underground-wonder-of-tokyo/

http://web-japan.org/trends/11_tech-life/tec130312.html

I thank the Japanese companies, scientists and engineers who came up with this brilliant idea and credit them completely. I take no credit for the articles or ideas above. This post is just my opinion and sharing inspired by their ingenuity and brilliance.

As I write this blog post, the rain seems to have reduced and the threat seems to be mitigated, but I keep my fingers crossed, just in case!

Look at these videos of the G-Cans flood defense system:

Here’s a UNESCO resource for different types of sewer systems (not to be confused with the drainage systems used to sustain floods and heavy rains):

http://ocw.unesco-ihe.org/pluginfile.php/440/mod_resource/content/1/Urban_Drainage_and_Sewerage/1_Introduction/Types%20of%20sewer%20systems/Type_of_sewer_systems.pdf

Unfortunately in a country like India, hardly a handful of people take initiatives to improve living conditions but bash each other over trivial issues such as:

  1. sloganeering (Bharat Mata ki Jai, but Bharat was a King, when did he become a mother? Was he a HERMAPHRODITE?)
  2. renaming roads (after Maharana Pratap, Akbar, Aurangzeb, etc.)
  3. wailing over a lost blood diamond (Kohinoor, which caused the annihilation of an entire dynasty in Iran!)
  4. Fighting over the legacy of Indian freedom fighters or distorting history to suit personal agendas and political vendettas.
  5. Picking fights with and over college students and purging universities.

… and many more. Put me in the ‘not interested’ category if you will, as this ain’t gonna help any of us when push comes to shove!

How that’s gonna help us at present or in the future is out of question. What’s standard practice in almost all countries seems futuristic or impossible in a country like India. Shame.

Okay then, it’s time to get back to the topic of this post: The Drainage System.

Here’s a proposal for Chennai city which I think needs more modification but will still be as effective.

A map of Chennai below:

https://i1.wp.com/www.mapsofindia.com/maps/tamilnadu/chennai-map.jpg

In the above map, with regard to the G-Cans flood defense system I propose underground discharge channels via the following routes:

  1. Meenambakkam Airport – Pallavaram – Chrompet -Tambaram with a pressure-controlled water tank (200 meters long and 80 meters wide) setup at Tambaram around 50 meters below ground to discharge water into 2 water bodies near Tambaram.
  2. Ekkaduthangal – Nandanam with a pressure-controlled water tank setup at Nandanam 50 meters below ground to discharge water into the Adyar River.
  3. Velachery – Periyar Nagar – Tharamani with a pressure-controlled water tank setup at Tharamani 50 meters below ground to discharge water into the Buckingham Canal.
  4. Ambattur – Ennore Port with a pressure-controlled water tank at Ennore Port 50 meters below ground to discharge water into the Ennore Creek.

This way, water can be conserved better, heavy rains/floods can be sustained and rivers can possibly be revived.

That should do for now. In the next post, I’ll address how Chennai can produce energy from within its own resources, namely Shale Oil.

Till then, it’s bye… from Iniyavel (Twitter: @Iniyavel_)!

May 18, 2016. 11:07 PM.

A Vision for the Future, Short and Long

Note:

  1. This post is dedicated primarily to Punjab state, India, since elections are coming next year, and I’ve volunteered to give ideas for its future.
  2. Others can use and benefit too, if they will, but whoever uses this, they have to give me credit for my ideas! And no, I don’t include articles linked here outside my blog.

 

EDUCATION

I believe I’ve already addressed this here, however I believe there’s no harm in reiterating it in this post. But this time, I’ll brief it in steps.

  1. Incorporate sports activities in school curricula, because only if people are fit and able, will they be able to study well and work well. The reason most people today are unhealthy and get cardiac arrests very early in life is because they’re out of shape (either hideously skinny or goth-like) due to reduced physical activities and sedentary lifestyles. This must change.
  2. Make students think more. Doing assignments for grades is a must. Please refer to Coursera and edX to see how they work. Plenty of Indian students in both platforms.
  3. Rote learning is only a starter. One can’t drive a car in the first gear from start to finish. Time to pick up. This is for schools.
  4. Now on to colleges, rather than opening more and more colleges due to more students, open web platforms like MEC and MVA so more students can enroll. And I don’t mean free, I mean for a cost of a few thousand bucks per subject. Turn the remaining colleges into platforms for hands-on experience. Let them build gadgets, build robots, build engines, use aircraft simulators to learn flying, etc. there.
  5. Point 2 above stands valid in college as well. My idea of attending university is three days a week for practical hands-on learning, and every other day for subject lectures and assignments, from home. It’s really awful seeing people dying from stroke due to increasing heat almost every year! Assignments can be submitted via email.
  6. My idea of an exam is a proctored exam, that is, an open book and no Internet access test wherein students must think carefully by themselves and can use their books for reference alone, otherwise which the book holds no direct use for the exam. And again charge a few thousand bucks for each such proctored exam (subject-wise).
  7. CREATE AN FAQ SECTION FOR EACH SUBJECT. A crucial aspect of future (online) learning. A Frequently Asked Questions section is mandatory in relieving the pressure off professors. It must contain a general rules/guidelines section and must also include a subject based section with questions from students who have previously enrolled and finished the subject course, so TAs can redirect students to the FAQ subject section to get their answers, and in the meantime make way for new kinds of questions arising from students. If TAs can’t answer, let them forward the doubtful questions to the concerned professor for reference.
  8. As far as teaching is concerned, let the most experienced and hands-on professor take lectures across regions within the state where he lives. For example, a lecturer who lives in Chandigarh can choose to teach students from Chandigarh, and a few more other regions (Amritsar, Pathankot, etc) if he wishes. And a student from anywhere in Punjab can learn from their favorite lecturer online. For sure there will be no shortage of students for a qualified professor. But a proctored exam with more insistence on hands-on experience and core knowledge regarding the lecturer’s field of interest must be held throughout the state for potential professors and lecturers. In fact, according to this article, 80 per cent of the world’s lecturers are not needed any longer. For all those lecturers who are probably now metal thrashing mad at me, I have to say, the future is here, and I as an aspiring futurist insist you put your knowledge of your field of interest to practical use and reduce India’s dependency on USA, Israel, EU, China and Russia for almost everything, starting with BASIC ELECTRONICS via startups! The future Punjab government can support startups for this reason. Bear in mind that US, Israel and NATO (and possibly Russia) made weapons have KILL SWITCHES which can be TURNED OFF at will (theirs NOT ours!) and make all our weapons we bought from them USELESS. Self-sufficiency is the need of the hour, without which India’s aspirations of becoming a “superpower” can safely go down the drain.
  9. Back to the topic, qualified lecturers must receive high remuneration that would go into tens of millions of bucks, every year. This is separate from the fees students pay for tuition in every subject. Assistant lecturers who receive half or quarter that amount can conduct tests/exams and evaluate students.
  10. This sure saves a lot of money in travel, a lot of traffic jam and pollution on the roads, and road accidents. The money that the government saves in this can be spent to support startups and desperate people. Those who can afford will pay for the exams, but those who can’t, can request government support, but once they get employed, the government can get back their debts with interest and continue their functioning otherwise.
  11. IF SOME UNIVERSITIES GO DEFUNCT? Compensate the concerned individuals/companies, let the reclaimed lands be used to grow back forests, use them for agriculture, use them to setup a weapons/missiles depot, an office to employ industry ready people, a vehicle manufacturing factory, a showroom or whatever that benefits the nation as a whole! Is there a shortage of ideas on even these?!
  12. BUT IF ALL STUDENTS BECOME INDUSTRY READY, HOW WILL THEY ALL GET EMPLOYED? Let graduates initiate startups for this purpose. Startups should develop into big corps and employ more eligible industry ready graduates in the future. That is an economics problem for which I refer readers to visit http://www.sabhlokcity.com for elaborate detailed ideas. My basic suggestion would be to loosen the bureaucratic red tapes for startups and companies. After all, as of now, I’m just a 23-year-old happy-go-lucky guy who still has a long long way to go.

I believe I’ve addressed the issue of education with 13 points above. My previous blog post linked above can be used to crosscheck and verify. Please don’t hesitate to ask doubts if the need arises.

 

AGRICULTURE AND DROUGHT 

I wonder if anyone has read Thiruvalluvar’s take on the importance of Agriculture. If no, please read it here. For those interested in the entire work, please go here.

This is a field in which I have little to zero practical experience, so here are a few articles I found that might be useful:

http://eird.org/pr14/cd/documentos/espanol/CaribeHerramientasydocumentos/Agricultura/oxfamguideagriculture2014eng.pdf

http://www.fao.org/prods/gap/

And here’s an article that throws more light into India’s agricultural needs.

Agriculture must be liberated so our farmers can flourish, says SBP President, Vishal Singh

For those who are weary and tired of the summer heat, here’s something the United Arab Emirates did a few years ago. Why not give it a try? Do something than nothing!

http://www.emirates247.com/news/emirates/cloud-seeding-rain-to-keep-uae-cool-2013-08-04-1.516541

Scientists Create 52 Artificial Rain Storms in Abu Dhabi Desert

 

ADDICTION

Okay, this is a rather SERIOUS problem in Punjab, so I already addressed it here, but here’s more:

http://www.buzzfeed.com/keeganhamilton/the-search-for-the-antidote-to-cocaine-addiction#.qwkwmJnaR

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/04/080416081628.htm

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3394098/

The field of gene therapy is under research, so why not someone try solving the puzzle?

 

EMPLOYMENT

My proposal would be to initiate startups via venture capitalism, government or private. Please take your clues from Paul Graham. He’s just splendid. Start off with startups, then enter joint ventures and mergers, and pick up pace from thereon.

 

ENERGY

I addressed the issue of energy here. Nuclear fusion produces a lot of energy. It’s time to harness and deploy infinite energy and also solar energy in the face of the hot Sun in order to keep the state up and running.

Update (May 18): I added a post on Shale Oil extraction here.

 

INFRASTRUCTURE

I had a few ideas for infrastructure, which I uploaded here. It’s time to automate and increase the pace of development and also make it more flexible.

 

CONCLUSION

I personally believe I’ve addressed key issues facing a state. If there’s anymore I can add, please let me know.

I would personally like to thank all my readers for their valuable time reading my post. That’s it for today. Have a good day folks. Till the next time, it’s bye… from Iniyavel (Twitter: @Iniyavel_).

April 22, 2016. 4:21 PM.